CAPUCHIN KRISHIK SEVA KENDRA
(Dayalbagh Rural Development Program)
Dayalbagh Rural Development Program is an entity of Social work in Belthangady Taluk. Since 1969 it has initiated its effort for the development of the economically poor and the backward people, irrespective of their caste and creed. Ever since, it has been working without stop for the development of the poor by considering the different issues, programs based on the need of the people at different stages. Integral development of the family is the goal. Development of the family, a major part of it can be realized through the women. Hence keeping the concept of Self Help Group the project has started to form the SHGs and as a result of our efforts the first group was started on 26th Feb. 1999. This provided a impetus for formation of SHGs and within a year 100 groups were formed in 28 villages of Belthangady Taluk. As a result of the coming together, the SHGs arose and the VIMUKTI WOMEN’S FEDERATION of over 2000 women was inaugurated on 26th February 2000.Today the federation has 34 clusters of 200 Self Help Groups who function on their own leadership and maintain micro finance activity, financial savings over a crore rupees and making a loan transaction of above three crores. Programs on Health, Education, seminars, training, awareness programs and entrepreneurial activities are undertaken by the women as the empowerment process.
VIMUKTI SHG FEDERATION:
Formation, nurture, promotion and strengthening of the SHGs are the main activity of the society for the last 10 years. The SHGs are the basic structure for all the developmental activities of the society. Under the patronage of Vimukti there are 200 SGHs in 34 clusters. The total number of members of women has crossed 3000. At present all the SHGs are functioning under the banner of VIMUKTI.
THE STRUCTURE OF THE FEDERATION:
The Clusters are the bridge between the SHGs and the Federation. Once in 3 months, the cluster meetings are organized to share their problems and their achievements. The SHGs meet with the intention of the overall development of the members and to share their problems. There is common discussion among the SHGs. During the meeting the project team will give the possible solution for their problems, appraise their achievements and give some awareness on related topics. The Vimukti women federation is growing and extending its branches day by day. The women have realized that the collective action leads to better and lasting results. Hence the women take a very active role in the developmental issues and other related topics.
Ongoing training and awareness programs on health, education, self employment and other micro finance activities motivate the members to develop their families as well as the community.
All the developmental work is financially supported by the Child Fund India. CKSK was affiliated to CFI in the year 2000 and now 800 children are benefiting directly. This organization has no caste, creed, and religion or color barrier. Everybody is equal when it comes to help child, family or community. The main mission statement of CHILD FUND INDIA is that “it creates an environment of hope and respect for needy children of all cultures and belief in which they have opportunities to achieve their full potential, and provides tools for positive change to children, families and communities.” The organization receives support not from the rich but from the middle class people and students from America, Canada, Germany and some other Asian Counties. It is their sacrifice, generosity; love for the unfortunate has kindled the hearts of millions of children all over the world. The programs are divided into 6 sectors like Health and Sanitation, Nutrition, Early Childhood Development, Basic Education, Child Participation and Protection, Livelihood and Economic Enhancement programs.
The main activities undertaken during these years:
1. Health and Sanitation:
The overall goal of the health programs is to enhance the capacity, knowledge and skill of various stakeholders like the community, service providers etc and also to create supportive environment by the strengthening health facilities for overall development of children. The Project is mainly concentrating on HIV/AIDS and Reproductive Health Care. The following are the other major activities under Health sector:
Adolescent camp (Boys and Girls)
Training for Eligible couples
Breast feed campaign- Awareness, Group discussion
Training on Hygienic (Malaria, chigungunya, swine flu etc.,)
HIV /AIDS Rally, awareness to community and schools
Support for Sanitation, Clean Kitchen, and Safe drinking water
Assistance for RCH (Reproductive Child Health)
Insurance for Women through SHG- National Insurance Scheme
Voluntary Blood Donation and Grouping camp
First Aid Kit distribution to Schools
Preparation for adolescent stage
Dental checkup and denture distribution program
House visits- counseling, personal health and hygiene,
Street play on solid waste management
Gynecological camp to meet the medical needs of the women was held in the Community.
Medical assistance was paid to the severe cases
Construction of community well
Quit plastic Program to eradicate the plastics by using cloth bags.
The second major area of focus is the nutrition of the child. It has been observed in the Project operational area that due to poverty and lack of economic resources the nutritional level of the child remains below standard. To bring about a considerable change both in the nutritional and attitudinal standards, the Project emphasized on imparting right nutritional habits among the children and their mothers. Issues like economic status lack of accessibility of health services, food insecurity and misconception related to food, poor hygienic practices, limited knowledge of parents in terms of child care especially about nutrition and management during illness need to be handled effectively. The Project selects malnourished children and mothers to give more attention on their health. The programs under the nutrition are as follows.
The Project maintains the health of each child and monitors the nourishment of the children in the preschools.
Demonstration on low cost nutritious food preparation to pregnant and lactating mothers
Double fortified salt distribution to the schools.
With the slogan” clean and green” the SHG women are participating in shramadhanas (Voluntary Labour Service).
The kitchen garden facilitates the production and use of vegetables and nutritious plants. This is also called as the Vanamahotsava program.
3. EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT:
Qualitative education is the requirement of every child. The Project along with Childfund India tries to implement programmes, imparting knowledge through formal and non-formal education. The Project ensures the active participation of the parents, school children and the community at large.
The four Anganawadis run by the Project in the areas Mura, Muguli, Kellakere and Belalu are a boon to majority of the children for whom schooling remained inaccessible.
A training program was conducted on the topic of & ‘Child care and Development’ and puppet making for Government and project run preschools
Regular medical check up has been arranged at 4 preschools of the project in collaboration with Fr. L. M. Pinto Charitable Hospital, Badyar. It has created awareness among the parents and enabled them to keep regular touch with the health of the child. To monitor the stages of child development, height and weight measuring machines have been provided to the preschools.
Preschool children were taken out for out door environmental exposure, which helped the children to get recreation and learn behavioral aspects like adjustment, mannerism, love of nature etc.
Annual day celebration was held at 4 preschools and it created a festive mood, it has given ample scope for the children to exhibit their talents.
Play materials, cupboard, water tank, charts and flyers, were provided to the government preschool so that the every child would enjoy their childhood.
Home based care: First three years of a child’s life are crucial to its later development and personality formation. Since children under three years spend most of their time in the family, the family environment is crucial for their overall development – this not only means the physical environment but more importantly the nature of the interactions between adults and children. Awareness given to the mothers of preschool children regarding child care and development at four clusters. Importance of breast feeding, weaning practice, low cost nutritious food preparation, immunization etc., were taught during the training. Mothers too are motivated to compulsory birth registration, to avail facilities from the Government like madilu kit, Bhaygayalxmi yojane etc.
4. BASIC EDUCDATION:
Education programs are focused on facilitating quality education services. So that children could gain learning and life skills, building capacity of families, communities and their institutions to respond to the education needs of children. The following activities were undertaken to provide quality education to the children.
Those who are poor and good in studies are encouraged by the project by providing, School materials college fees and professional courses.
In addition to facilitate the qualitative education, the project has provided infrastructures to the schools. To encourage academic and sports activities, playing materials and learning materials are distributed to promote a conducive and stimulating environment for the children.
The Project has appointed teachers to government school where there are insufficient teachers; these teachers focus on the overall development of the child. They are also helping the children in their studies as well as in extra curricular activities.
SQIP: (School Quality Improvement Program) School is the base for converting the children as assets through entire education. SQIP was introduced in 6 schools with following objectives.
o Improving Classroom processes
o Improving learning levels of children in core curricular subjects and also in curricular areas
o Improving community participation and ownership
o Improving infrastructure facilities
RIP (READING IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM):
To improve the reading skills of the children, reading improvement program was implemented in government schools .14 weeks training was given to those children who are not able to read, and pronounce the alphabets and to frame the sentence properly.
SIM (SKILL IMPROVEMENT IN MATHEMATICS):
SIM program was introduced in government schools of 5th grade children with the objective to correct concept building of fundamental operation with whole numbers, fractions and decimals. This procedure included, start with known and then proceed to unknown, easy to difficult, concrete to abstract through activities and micro teaching methods. With these programs children are able to understand numbers with correct place value, simple operations. Students are more confident now and take active participation in maths class.
Training to SDMC:
Schools are not only the property of teachers and the education department but the community too. There is no doubt that development of school will take place when the community continuously takes active participation in the process of school development. To encourage the SDMC members to render their best services for their school training was given to members.
Mother committee meeting:
Once in three months parent committee meeting is organized to plan and to review the programs. 33 members actively participate in the discussion. They too participate voluntarily for the project program and render their best services.
The Project has organized training program to the para teachers on creative teaching. Teachers were trained on different subjects through games and by using locally available materials. This type of teaching will increase the interest of the children and they can grasp the things easily.
To encourage the women for self-sustainability and to support the young women in income generating activities the project started tailoring class for 90 members
5. CHILD PARTICIPATION AND PROTECTION:
Street play training to Youth Club:
Project trained 15 youths on street play. This team will give awareness to the community about the child rights.
The Project trained 15youths on Nirthya nirupaka on the impacts of MSEZ to mark the all India Anti SEZ Day. The show covered all the aspects such as the poor family working condition, forceful acquisition of land, violation of environmental laws and the violation of human rights by MSEZL.
Child Well Being Committee:
The Project formed 12 Child well being Committees at project level with objective to reduce the violation of child rights and create an enabling environment that supports children’s positive development. They were trained about their duty and responsibility on Child Protection and participation.
Training on child rights and Gramasabha:
The Project organized awareness program at schools on child rights and Gramasabha to the children, SDMC and to the school teachers.
To give an opportunity to improve the capacities of children, clubs are organized once in two months at four clusters. In these clubs awareness is created on personality development, child rights and child participation. Formation of Children’s committee is in the progress to promote community participation in protecting the rights of children.
Children’s holiday camps have been playing a vital role in the development of personalities of children. A summer camp was organized with the collaboration of local people. Camp includes sessions on Leadership qualities, personality development, stage art, and training on child rights, plastic eradication, and preparation for the examination. Indoor and outdoor play was conducted and during the stage program children were honored with prizes.
World Day for the prevention of Child Abuse:
World Day for Prevention of Child Abuse was organized to give awareness to the various communities. The objective of this program is to give more attention, efficient protection skills and preventive measures to be taken at family, local and community level. Government officers and people are made aware about child rights, to play a major role to take preventive measures on child abuse.
Formation of Plastic Houses:
To create awareness on the dangerous of plastic usage, the Project supported the children for the formation of plastic houses. So that the children are aware of the dangerous of plastics. 25 plastic houses were formed in the schools to campaign against the usage of plastic, 4000 people supported this program. The children when they come to the school will bring the used plastic and put it in the plastic houses. The rural illiterate people too come to know about the harmfulness of the plastics.
Child Resource Center:
To provide ample opportunities to nurture the talents and to give space for their talents, the project has established a child resource center. To make best use of this center outdoor and indoor play materials, lab equipments, charts, musical instruments, library books are provided to children. The Project has provided an opportunity to learn computer and typewriting through this center. Every Saturday and Sunday nearly 50 children come and make best use of this center. Special attention will be paid on the less fortunate children. The Centre also provides enough space for the children to come and practice. There are also tutors to train the children according to their talents.
Training on Carrier Guidance:
Students will be confused while selecting the course for their higher education. It is necessary to know the goal and objective of the education as it generates a bright future for them. The Project organizes carrier guidance to the youths to select the best course for their higher education.
6. LIVELIHOOD AND ECONOMIC ENHANCEMENT OF THE POOR (LEEP):
A new beginning towards self-dependence
LEEP is playing a vital role in the development of the SHG women. The micro finance institutions have helped women to come out of their economic shackles and emerge as self-independent women. As a prime unit of Vimukti, LEEP is supporting women to take-up self-employment and income generation activities. The LEEP program is interlinked with Vimukti Women’s Federation through which the dreams of economic empowerment are realized.
Loan for cattle rearing:
With the vast availability of grass and fodder, rearing of cows is the best economic activity for the women of the rural areas. The Project has provided loan facility for cattle rearing. This enables the women to tap the naturally available resources. And due to the high returns the repayment of the loans is realized in a steady process
Milk collection unit:
The milk collection unit is installed at Guripalla and necessary infrastructure with machinery like Chilling, fat tester, Milk cans, measuring instruments etc., has been installed and the unit is running smoothly.
Animal Health Care:
For easy access to animal health care and time-to- time follow -up, a Veterinary Care Center has been set up with the services of an expert. The beneficiaries avail the resources of the expert at a very low fee.
To give quality feed to cows, the diary management has taken initiative to supply the quality feed directly to the beneficiaries’ house which has resulted in high production of milk and the cattle is well fed and healthy.
Agricultural loans were given to the beneficiaries to depeen the wells and install sprinklers in the farms. Families were also given assistance to plant areca saplings and extend their cultivation.
The Organization has invested lots of efforts in making women strong and independent. On the way of becoming independent, they have to look for self employment. Woman is far behind a man mainly because she appears to be weak and fragile. In some of the villages people still think that woman has less capacity for work when compared to man. So these days rural women suffer from unemployment, torture from husband and family members. But if she starts earning, she will be able to face the world. All that she needs is proper direction, which is given by the Organization. If more than 50% of the women start self employment activities this year, the above desire will be full filled as early as possible. The Capuchin Krishik Seva Kendra is grateful to those who joined hands with it in the empowerment process of women, children and society at large.